"Twelve Five" to enhance the ability of independent innovation of new textile technology equipment favored
Recently, the Development and Reform Commission issued a "industrial structure adjustment guide directory (2011 this)" (hereinafter referred to as 2011). After the deletion, adjustment and new links, the textile industry structure adjustment directory includes 14 kinds of encouraged class, restricted class 17, out of class 23. Concern is that, in order to meet the needs of the strategic development of emerging industries in the era of crisis, high-tech fiber development will be a substantial "speed", and new technology and equipment are favored. China Textile Industry Association, Du Chau has said that the "second five" period, China's textile industry will break through 50 key technologies, master a number of high-tech fiber development and application of advanced textile equipment R & D and manufacturing core technology, become the world's own master Textile high-tech one of the countries.
The purpose of this revision is to guide the rational investment in the textile industry, accelerate the promotion of independent innovation capability, promote the textile industry to resource conservation, environment-friendly, sustainable development direction transformation, accelerate the elimination of backward, Through the effective transformation of the mode of development of the industry to promote China's textile power from the textile power to change.
"Advancing with the times"
The guiding list of industrial structure adjustment is the important basis for the government to guide the investment direction, manage the investment projects, formulate and implement policies such as finance and taxation, finance, land, import and export. In 2005, approved by the State Council, Development and Reform Commission issued a "industrial structure adjustment guide directory (2005)" (hereinafter referred to as 2005).
As the guiding investment direction, the government management investment projects, the development and implementation of fiscal and taxation, finance, land, import and export and other important basis for the policy since 2005, since the release of the textile industry to guide the promotion of independent innovation and improve macroeconomic regulation and control, promote industrial structure Optimize the upgrade and so played an important role.
After the rapid development in recent years, China's textile industry, industrial system has been improved, the industrial structure has been optimized, the development of green recycling attention, and gradually formed from the upstream fiber raw materials processing to clothing, household, industrial end products manufacturing complete industrial system The In 2009, the national textile enterprises above designated size industrial output value of 39641 billion yuan, an increase of 92.1% over 2005, the average annual growth rate of 17.7%; total industrial added value of 1104.4 billion yuan, an increase of 1.1 times over 2005, An increase of 20.5%.
The head of the Development and Reform Commission said that despite the growing scale of the textile industry and international competitiveness, but many long-term extensive development of the accumulation of many contradictions have not been fundamentally resolved, unreasonable structure, independent innovation capacity is relatively weak and other issues are restricting the further development of the industry , While the industrial growth of resources, environmental factors gradually intensified, and thus affect China's textile industry sustainable development potential.
In this context, in 2005 this can not fully reflect the textile industry, technological progress-oriented, difficult to reflect the global and China's textile industry, the characteristics of new technological revolution; a considerable number of entries have not fully adapted to improve the ability of independent innovation, inhibit low-level redundant construction , The development of green recycling textile requirements, the urgent need to amend and adjust.
Restrictions and Elimination of Significant "Expansion"
Comparison between the two versions before and after the reporter found that the 2011 continuation of the 2005 classification of the method is still divided into encouraged, restricted and eliminated category. Do not belong to the above three categories, but in line with national laws, regulations and policies, for the allowable category, allow the class is not included in the directory.
After this revision, there are 54 entries in the textile category, which encourage the entry of the original items to be merged, split and revised, four new, a total of 14; restricted items will be the original one adjustment To the out of class, add 17, a total of 17; out of the class entry to delete a, add 14, and the original part of the content with the entry of the merger, a total of 23.
Among them, intelligent, super simulation and other differentiated, functional polyester and fiber production, the use of compact spinning, low torque spinning, 赛 spinning, embedded spinning and other high-speed, new spinning technology to produce more varieties of fiber blended yarn, High-speed mechanical and electrical integration shuttleless loom, fine needle from the large garden machines and other advanced technology and equipment production of high-count, high density, jacquard and other high-grade woven, knitted textiles, automatic winding, fine network, collective doffing and other automation Equipment production of high-quality yarn, the use of weaving, non-woven composite, multi-layer online composite, long-term multi-functional finishing and other high-tech production to meet the needs of various sectors of the national economy, industrial textiles are included in the encouraged category.
In the list of restricted categories, single-line production capacity of less than 100,000 tons / year of conventional polyester continuous polymerization production equipment, conventional polyester dimethyl terephthalate production process, semi-continuous spunbond filament production line, 25 kg / Hour or less, a weft loom with a latitude rate of less than 600 m / min, a jet loom with a weft rate of less than 700 m / min, a water jet loom with a weft rate of less than 900 m / min, and a batch spandex Polymerization production equipment, such as impressively in the column.
A512, A513 series spinning frame; 1990 before the production, without technological transformation of all kinds of domestic wool spinning frame; and the use of life of more than 15 years (including the "1" prefix of the spinning weaving equipment; Of the domestic and the use of more than 20 years of imports of printing and dyeing pretreatment equipment, tenter and shaping equipment, rotary screen and flat screen printing machine, continuous dyeing machine and so on.
It is disclosed that the focus of this revision and adjustment in 2011 is based on focusing on enhancing the independent innovation capability of the industry, guiding the industry to use advanced technology to enhance the technical level of the traditional textile industry, realizing the new equipment autonomy, promoting the combination of textile and strategic emerging industries, And transformation of backward production capacity, effectively promote the development of the industry changes.
It is worth noting that in 2011 the order of the order also made a big change, according to the textile industry chain order, in accordance with the upstream fiber raw materials, fabric processing, end product manufacturing order reordering. Where the entries listed in the directory, in principle, are refined to specific products, technology, technology and equipment, and as much as possible clear technical and economic indicators, improve operability. Such as the original entry in the "high-grade textile production, printing and dyeing and finishing processing", after this revision was split into "high-grade textile processing" and "dyeing and finishing" two, and for each of the encouraged content Clearly defined.
Reflect the direction of industrial upgrading
Since 2005, China's textile industry a total of 22 scientific and technological achievements of national science and technology awards, which won the national scientific and technological progress award 2. In 2010, the textile industry identified 38 technical centers, accounting for 6% of the national technology centers identified by the country. Clothing, home textiles, industrial use of three categories of end products, the proportion of fiber consumption from 54:33:13 adjusted to 51:29:20, industry restructuring has achieved some success.
In accordance with the effective promotion of the textile industry to change the way of development in mind, in 2011 this list of encouraged entries are representative of the textile industry to upgrade the direction of industry. For example, to encourage the entry of new high-performance fiber and products, new spinning technology, energy-saving emission reduction technology, waste textile recycling 4 new entries. Among them, the use of weaving, nonwovens composite, multi-layer online composite, long-term multi-functional finishing and other high-tech, production to meet the needs of the national economy in the field of industrial textiles; new high-tech textile machinery, key special parts and measurement, , The development and manufacture of test equipment; and garment enterprise computer integrated manufacturing and digital, information technology, automation technology and equipment applications are on the list.
At the same time, the key scientific and technological progress in the industry led to the obvious key areas and important areas, to fill the gaps and meet the strategic needs of emerging industries, to seize the world textile technology high ground key achievements and technology, also included in the encouraged catalog , In order to accelerate its technology research and development and industrialization pace.
Xu Kunyuan, vice president of China Textile Industry Association, said in an interview with reporters to promote new technology, new technologies and new equipment, has become the "second five" textile industry, an important part of scientific and technological progress, the specific representative is "50 + 110" (Ie 50 scientific and technological projects and 110 new processes, new technologies and new equipment).
In addition, this revision is based on technological progress and industrial upgrading direction to adjust the domestic production capacity has been saturated industry to encourage the content; has become a generic, universal technology and products are no longer encouraged.
For example, in order to effectively guide China's polyester industry to the high-grade differentiation, the direction of the development of functional fibers, 2011 no longer encourage the general, low-level polyester differential fiber production, and will encourage the content revised to differentiated , Continuous copolymerization of functional polyester and melt direct spinning on-line addition of continuous production of differentiated, functional fibers as well as intelligent, ultra-simulated differential, functional polyester fiber production.
High - tech fiber to accelerate the industrialization
The outbreak of the international financial crisis in the second half of 2008, so that the global economic development has undergone profound changes, the development of strategic emerging industries has become a new round of economic and technological development to seize the commanding heights of the important strategy. After the international financial crisis, China's textile industry if not in the high-tech fiber (high-performance fiber, biomass fiber) and other key industries in the industrialization of new breakthroughs, years of accumulated industrial competitive advantage may be gradually lost.
To this end, differentiation, emerging materials and biomass will become the "second five" during the development of China's chemical fiber keywords. For example, the importance of biomass fiber, one of the country's strategic new materials, has become increasingly prominent in the national biology industry, which will fundamentally change the source of chemical fiber raw materials and truly achieve a full biomass, biochemical approach, Goal, to become the green low-carbon road exit.
According to 2011, polylactic acid fiber, seaweed fiber, chitin fiber, polyhydroxy fatty acid ester fiber, animal and plant protein fiber and other biomass fiber will usher in a great opportunity for development.
In addition, the development and production of organic and inorganic high-performance fibers and products carbon fiber (tensile strength ≥ 42200MPa, elastic modulus ≥ 240GPa), aramid, aromatic sulfonamide, high strength and high modulus polyethylene (ultra high molecular weight polyethylene) fiber Polyester fiber, polyimide fiber, polytetrafluoroethylene fiber, basalt fiber, silicon carbide fiber, high strength glass fiber, etc. are included in the encouraged category.
Reporters learned that China's high-tech fiber development has begun to take shape, to meet the national security and national economic needs, some varieties of basic industrialization. Those previously only developed countries can produce carbon fiber, high strength polyethylene and other high-tech fiber, now in our country can achieve industrial production. But at the same time, China's high-tech fiber development and application of the complete industrial chain construction has just started.
In the China Chemical Fiber Industry Association honorary president Zheng Zhaoyi view, in order to break through the bottleneck of high-tech fiber industry, the future of high-tech fiber to "industrialization, production and research, industrial chain" as the goal of forming chemical fiber "national team." According to the 2011, the industrialization of high-tech fiber domestic blank varieties has improved the quality performance of high-tech fiber varieties, the industrialization of downstream composite materials and the development of industrial textiles are listed as the key encouragement direction.
Energy - saving emission reduction and elimination of both backward
"Eleventh Five-Year" period, the textile industry attaches great importance to energy-saving emission reduction, green recycling to achieve the results of the beginning. For example, the difference between direct spinning and new spinning cooling technology in the chemical fiber industry began to promote the use of waste water waste heat recovery, water reuse and other comprehensive utilization of resources in the industry to promote the use of the proportion is gradually increased ...
After this revision, the textile encouragement category has added two items to encourage the promotion and application of textile cleaner production technology and waste textile recycling technology and product production. The aim is to improve the energy saving and clean production level of the industry, Encourage the development and application of low carbon and green textile products processing technology, gradually establish the recycling system of textile products, develop the textile recycling economy and improve the efficiency of comprehensive utilization of resources.
Reporters found that in the encouraged category, the use of green technology and equipment to produce new solvent method cellulose fiber, bacterial cellulose fiber, bamboo, hemp and other new renewable resources as raw materials of regenerated cellulose fiber; meet the ecological, The use of environmental requirements and the special animal fiber, hemp fiber, bamboo fiber, mulberry cocoon silk, colored cotton, color silk cocoon silk natural fiber processing technology and products are on the list.
In addition, the textile industry bio-degumming, non-polyvinyl alcohol slurry sizing, water-saving water-saving printing and dyeing processing, "three wastes" efficient management and resource recycling technology promotion and application of waste textile recycling technology and product production, poly Ester Recycled Materials Production Polyester industrial yarn, differentiated and functional polyester filament and other high value-added products are also encouraged by the development of the state.
Focus on energy-saving emission reduction at the same time, in 2011 this directory is also committed to preventing low-level redundant construction, in order to guide the accelerated transformation and elimination of backward technology and equipment. The new version of the restrictions by adding new categories and out of the contents of the entry, increased the backward technology and equipment out of the force, forcing enterprises to accelerate the technological transformation, improve production efficiency and product quality.
For example, "1" prefix into the volume, carding, Qinghua, and bars, roving, spinning equipment, 1332 series winder, 1511 shuttle loom, "1" prefix warping, sizing machine, etc. "1" head of the spinning weaving equipment; roll length of 1000 mm below the leather roller ginning machine, saw blade number 80 in the following sawtooth ginning machine, the pressure tonnage of 400 tons below the lint balers (excluding 160 tons, 200 tons Short hair cotton balers); 20,000 tons / year and viscose conventional short fiber production line; use of more than 15 years of bath ratio greater than 1:10 of cotton and chemical fiber intermittent dyeing equipment; and screw extruder diameter less than or Equal to 90 mm, 2000 tons / year of polyester spinning short fiber production devices are prohibited by the state development.